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First Aid : Dog Burns

3. Burns:

Generally speaking all animals are afraid of fire so burns from a naked flame are not too common, although a dog dozing by the fire can get singed or burnt. A dog can burn his feet by walking on a hot surface, and scalds are also quite common.

Muzzle and restrain the dog before treatment.

Puppies might chew on an electric cord which will cause a special type of burn and this will often be accompanied by electric shock. Seek immediate care!

Soothe and cool superficial burns with cool water by running water over it or cover it with wet towels (cool wet compress). This also helps remove caustic substances (acid or alkaline) if these are the cause. If it’s an acid burn, rinse with solution of 1 teaspoon bicarbonate of soda to 1 liter of water. If alkali, use plain water only.

A superficial burn is painful, reddens the skin and singes the hair.

A serious burn is actually less painful because the nerves have been destroyed. The skin may be white, black or brown, and the hair will either be gone completely or will pull out easily. If the burn is severe or covers a large area of the body, cool the area with a sterile cold compress, or clean, wet sheet and then get to the vet quickly.

If loss of skin occurs, cover the area with the cleanest material available. Cut away hair in the burned area and apply a burn ointment (never use lard or butter).

Wash burned area with lots of plain water, especially if round face.

Give fluids for dehydration, unless the dog is vomiting. Treat for shock.

Electrical burns need immediate hospitalization.

Related Pages

Dog first aid essential advice on first aid for dogs

Dog first aid kit – essential first aid items

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