Dog Dental Care
dog’s dental care is very important!
normal canine mouth has 44 teeth – 22 on the top and 22 on the bottom.
These teeth are divided into 8 upper and 6 lower incisors, 4 canines,
16 premolars, and 4 upper and 6 lower molars. Canine teeth are designed
to rip and shred food and are suited for a carnivorous diet.
most common symptom of dog dental disease is bad breath (halitosis).
In addition, you may notice inflamed gums (gingivitis), tartar,
difficulty chewing or pain when chewing, poor appetite and weight
loss. Dog dental disease usually manifests itself as gum disease
(gingivitis) secondary to plaque and tartar accumulation. Plaque
is an invisible accumulation of bacteria that forms on teeth. As
the plaque on your dog’s teeth continues to accumulate, it eventually
mineralizes and hardens to form tartar, which can be observed accumulating
on the tooth surface.
dog dental disease process progresses, the gums recede and become
inflamed. This inflammation is gingivitis, and is noticed as reddened
gums that look inflamed. A dog with gingivitis is in discomfort
and frequently has bad breath.
is important to know dental disease can spread to other organs of
the body, causing serious and dangerous illness to your pet.
have a tendency towards developing gingivitis (gum disease) as they
age. However, gingivitis has been diagnosed in dogs as young as
three. If gingivitis is left untreated the inflammation moves into
the root of the tooth (periodontal disease) and can cause pain and
tooth loss. Eventually, bacteria from this infection enter into
the bloodstream and can cause serious disease to heart valves, liver,
and kidneys. The dog might be lethargic, coughing, have breathing
difficulty, or have a general appearance of poor health.
though dogs do not normally get cavities, they are prone to developing
a brown substance called calculus around their gums. Calculus, laden
with bacteria, can eventually cause canine gums to recede, exposing
the root. Teeth can loosen in their sockets, opening up the possibility
of infection. Although antibiotics can suppress gum infection, only
tartar removal can prevent infection from reoccurring. Infection
can travel throughout the mouth, causing pharyngitis and in advanced
cases, can enter the blood stream, even causing kidney and heart
control biscuits, bones, and chew-eez can help reduce tartar buildup
above the gum line, but only regular brushing can reach the critical
areas below the gum line. Dry dog food helps keep the plaque level
down. However, it helps only in the area that’s visible, not in
the important area just below the gum line. Dog biscuits can also
reduce tartar, but again, only above the gum line.
dental disease requires special care before, during, and after the
time the problem is resolved. It is diagnosed by a veterinarian
only after a complete exam is performed. It is important that a
veterinarian makes this diagnosis since there are some diseases
that can mimic the symptoms of dog dental disease, but have different
causes and treatments.
Brushing your dog’s teeth does the best job of cleaning the important
area below the gum line, where bacteria and plaque hide and can
rot away the gums and bone.
recommend home dental care which involves brushing your dog’s teeth
at least twice a week, perhaps more frequently for dogs with stubborn
act of brushing a dog’s teeth twice weekly, while initially daunting
becomes easier with practice and routine. Caring for your dog’s
dental hygiene will assure good dental health and prevent many more
serious dental and medical problems as he ages.
preventive dental care will keep your pet’s teeth and gums healthy,
and protect your pet’s long term health. Dogs generally form most
plaque on the outside of their teeth, but they occasionally form
plaque on inside surfaces of the mouth. Daily brushing works to
get rid of plaque on the outside surfaces of the mouth.
good news is a home dental hygiene regimen including regular brushing,
can prevent its development. Owners should brush their dog’s teeth
at least twice a week.
a dog’s teeth is easier than brushing your own. Their narrow teeth
are spaced more widely than human teeth, eliminating the need for
flossing. Their teeth only touch in one or two places. A toothbrush
can reach about 90% of the areas that need to be brushed. Always
use specially formulated dog toothpaste. Because dogs can’t rinse
and spit after a brushing, the paste must be safe for pets to swallow.
Some human toothpastes contain detergents which can irritate pets’
stomachs and in addition, large quantities of ingested fluoride
can harm pets. A typical dog toothpaste is chicken (poultry), peanut
butter, or beef-flavored and contains water, sorbitol, silica, cellulose
gum, Trisodium EDTA, Methylparaben, propylparaben, and titanium
dioxide. You can buy dog toothpaste at the pet store or from your
dog dental kits contain a toothbrush and toothpaste, sold together.
If using a human toothbrush, pick a soft nylon bristle – for a smaller
dog, a soft child-sized brush will suffice. Finger brushes can be
purchased as well. These fit on a fingertip and allow owners easier
access to their dogs’ mouths. Electric toothbrushes can be used
if dogs can tolerate the mechanical noise.
easy to get your dog ready to have his teeth brushed, and some dogs
even enjoy the procedure. Time and patience in the beginning can
lead to a good experience that the dog tolerates without a fuss.
to Brush Your Dog’s Teeth
Cleanings (The Dental):
: Pet Supplies Review