are the same as all other living creatures and need a balanced combination
of six basic nutrients which are: proteins, carbohydrates, fats,
vitamins, minerals, and water.
are what you eat – and so is your dog. Nutrients are just as important
for your dog as they are for you. They promote healthy growth, replace
worn tissue, provide energy, and help protect your dog against disease.
A nutritionally complete and balanced dog food gives your dog all
the nutrition he needs, and commercial dog foods identified as 100%
complete contain all of the required nutrients in proper proportions.
you make your dog food purchase, read the label. Manufacturers list
the ingredients and the nutritional content on the package or can.
Follow the recommended guidelines for amounts to feed your dog.
If you’re ever in doubt about what foods and how much to serve,
consult with your veterinarian.
time the nutritional needs of your dog may change. Puppies, young
adults, and older dogs will need a diet change. Dogs that become
ill grow older, obese, and pregnant or nursing will have special
dietary requirements, so remember to contact your vet for advice.
Reserve treats for special occasions and to reward good behavior.
opened canned food so it doesn’t spoil, and remove all uneaten portions
of canned or moistened food from the feeding dish after your dog
has eaten. Discard the leftover food and thoroughly wash and dry
the dish, because dirty dishes can quickly become a breeding ground
for harmful germs.
provide clean, fresh drinking water for your dog so that all of
their nutritional needs are met.
cell in your dog’s body (and yours) needs nutrients to function
properly. The cells need the following six basic nutrients:
Protein, (consisting of 9 to 12 essential amino acids)
of these nutrients need to be in the correct balanced proportion
for the necessary chemical reactions of digestion, absorption, transportation
and elimination to occur.
are fuel which is converted into energy. Energy produces heat and
how much heat is produced determines the ability of your dog to
control his body temperature critical to a healthy life. Everything
your dog does, from running and playing, to working, and living
a long and healthy life, is determined by the fuel you provide and
the energy it produces.
term calorie is used to measure energy in food. The food you feed
should provide sufficient calories so your dog’s body can:
Produce energy to grow correctly
energy for activity
health during adulthood
into a quality old age
when choosing a dog food that some breeds may require different
percentages of particular nutrients, and keep in mind your dog’s
activity levels, metabolism, body chemistry, health, age, and many
other factors. What’s good for the next door neighbor’s dog might
not be good for your dog – all dog foods are not perfect for all
dogs! Dog food companies accommodate these specific needs and offer
a large variety of different foods.
dog foods are available in three forms: canned, dry, and semi moist.
dog foods contain as much as 68% – 78% water and include color enhancers
such as iron oxide and sodium nitrate.
foods include large amounts of additives such as propylene glycol,
color enhancers, and lots of sugar. Both canned and semi-moist foods
should not be given to your dog for his total diet. You can use
these for occasional snacks or on top of his dry food.
foods contain a blended mixture of grains, meat and meat by-products,
fats, mineral and vitamins – about 90% dry matter and 10% water.
Feed your dog dry kibble as his basic food because dry dog foods
have great caloric density (they are richer), your dog will have
less tartar buildup and less gum disease, and have less obesity
do dogs need?
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