Metronidazole is used by veterinarians to treat various conditions
such as inflammatory bowel disease, nonspecific diarrheal disorders,
infections caused by Giardia and periodontal disease. It is available
as 250mg and 500mg tablets. The usual dose in dogs is 3-23mg/pound
by mouth 1 to 4 times a day. The usual dose for cats is 5-23mg/pound
by mouth 1 to 2 times a day. Duration of therapy depends on the
type of condition and response to treatment. (sold per tablet)
What is this medication used for
Metronidazole is an antimicrobial used in the treatment of Giardia
infections, inflammatory bowel disease and infections in the mouth.
Metronidazole is available by prescription as tablets.
How this medicine should be used
Metronidazole is not FDA approved for use in veterinary medicine;
however, it is a commonly accepted practice for veterinarians to
use this medication in dogs and cats. The usual dose in dogs is
3-23mg/pound 1-4 times a day. The usual dose in cats is 5-23mg/pound
1-2 times a day. The actual dose and the duration of treatment depend
on the specific condition being treated. Do not crush the tablet
because it has a very bitter taste.
What are the side effects
Side effects of metronidazole may include nausea, loss of appetite,
vomiting, diarrhea, drowsiness, rash and incoordination. This medication
may discolor the urine reddish-brown.
What special precautions are there
This medication should not be used in animals allergic to it. Do
not use in pregnant or nursing animals. Use with caution in animals
with liver disease or blood disorders. Use with caution when given
with phenytoin or anticoagulants such as warfarin. Always tell your
veterinarian and pharmacist what other medications your pet is taking.
Give this medication with food.
In the event of an overdose
Contact your veterinarian or veterinary emergency room. Symptoms
of overdose may include loss of appetite, vomiting, disorientation
How should I store this medication
Keep this medication in the container it came in, tightly closed.
Store tablets at room temperature, away from excess heat, light
and moisture. Do not store in the bathroom. Throw away any medication
that is outdated or no longer needed. Keep this medication out of
the reach of children and pets.
This information sheet is for educational purposes only and is
intended to be a supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise
and professional judgment of your veterinarian. The information
is NOT to be used for diagnosis or treatment of your pet. You should
always consult your own veterinarian for specific advice concerning
the treatment of your pet.
The information is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions,
precautions, warnings, allergic reactions, drug interactions or
adverse effects, nor should it be construed to indicate that use
of a particular drug is safe, appropriate or effective for your
pet. It is not a substitute for a veterinary exam, and it does not
replace the need for services provided by your veterinarian.
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