get many diseases or conditions that are the same or similar to
diseases caught or developed by their owners. Some of these maladies
are genetic; others are acquired through infections or parasites
or as a result of other abnormalities, diseases, injuries, or old
age. One of those diseases is Canine Diabetes.
are two Diabetes canine diseases: Diabetes Mellitus, similar to
the human disease, and Diabetes Insipidus. Both are endocrine diseases
– that is, they result from defects in the body system that produces
hormones. Diabetes Mellitus is characterized by a deficiency of
insulin, the hormone that plays a critical role in sugar metabolism
and is the most common of the two types. Diabetes Insipidus is caused
by a lack of vasopressin, the antidiuretic hormone that controls
water resorption by the kidneys.
Diabetes Mellitus can be further divided into two categories: a
congenital type that is similar to juvenile-onset (Type I) diabetes
in humans; and an acquired type that is similar to adult-onset (Type
II) diabetes in humans. Most canine Diabetes Mellitus is insulin-dependent.
in mind that any animal that is being treated with insulin for Diabetes
Mellitus should have a restricted lifestyle. That means the patients
should get about the same amount of exercise every day, eat about
the same amount of feed and at about the same time each day, and
then the insulin dose can be regulated consistently every day. If
you change any one of the three variables (exercise, caloric intake,
or insulin dose) it has an effect on the other two variables. Consistency
in the patient’s lifestyle will greatly assist proper dosing of
insulin and result in a happier, healthier dog.
More on canine diabetes
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