Dog Skin Infection – Fungal and Yeast Infections in Dogs
and Yeast Infections in Dogs
diseases are common in dogs, and many such diseases fall into one
of three categories: Fungal infections, yeast infections or fungus/yeast
infections. These are almost never fatal, but they are sometimes
chronic – so it’s wise to keep an eye out for symptoms that may
indicate your dog is infected.
Albicans is a fungus/yeast and a common microorganism that lives
in the gut of a humans and dogs. But when there is an “overgrowth”
of this fungus/yeast in the gut, it is called a Systemic Yeast Infection,
and it affects the health and well-being of the whole animal or
the pH balance of the gut is out of balance, and beneficial bacteria
in the gut have been destroyed, this insidious fungus and pathogenic
bacteria can take over and the negative results are very detrimental
to our health and well-being. One of those by products of a pH imbalance
in the gut is bloat/torsion.
causes the pH balance of the gut to be out of balance and cause
Overuse of antibiotics – killing off good bacteria in the gut
Nutrition (inadequate protein, too many carbohydrates, no probiotics,
digestive enzymes, dietary enzymes, unusable minerals)
vaccinations (i.e. allergies, thyroid problems)
problems = metabolic problems (the body’s electrical system)
in environment or weather related (heat or cold)
in home or home environment
-compromised immune system
which compromises the immune system
to stimulus (light, sounds, movements)
result of this yeast/fungus overgrowth manifests itself in external
and internal expressions of disease. Based on clinical and research
studies, Candida overgrowth in the intestines will create what has
been called as “leaky gut” syndrome. Toxins and food allergens may
pass through this membrane and go to other parts of the body, making
him feel generally sick all over. Since antibiotics don’t affect
Candida yeast/fungus, they keep on multiplying and making more yeast,
which in turn, puts out more toxins and weakens the immune system.
It is a vicious cycle.
examples of “external” expression of a systemic yeast infection
– Itchy skin or feet
– Licking paws, genital or vaginal area
– Itchy mouth, throat, face
– Rubbing nose
Inflammation and Odor
– Underarms, Folds of Skin
– Inner Thighs, Between Toes, Lips
– Joint pain
Secondary Bacterial Infections
– Skin or Feet
– Sensitivity to light, sound, movement
can see by this list of symptoms the animal is often misdiagnosed
as having a food or contact allergy, or only a bacterial infection,
when in fact the origin of the disease is yeast/fungus overgrowth.
examples of “internal” expression of a systemic yeast infection
absorption of nutrients
facts about Candida overgrowth – Systemic Yeast Infections:
Systemic yeast infections (fungus) are extremely difficult to detect
pH balance of the gut is out of balance, an environment is ripe
for pathogenic bacteria and fungus to multiply at an alarming rate.
by-products of bacteria and fungus produce “toxins.” These can result
in systemic disease, as well as bloat, stomach gas and foam.
Control Fungus Internally:
a high quality based diet.
a metabolic enzyme (Nzymes) to detoxify the body.
probiotics/digestive and dietary enzymes to keep the pH balance
of the stomach in proper balance. This in turn helps prevent yeast
raw apple cider vinegar or lemon juice – 2 teaspoons per day on
food or in water, to help keep the pH balance where it should be
in the gut and make an environment, which is not conducive to yeast
Oxy-drops in drinking water or on food, to keep fungus and pathogenic
bacteria overgrowth in check.
you using a combination of Oxy-Drops and Raw Apple Cider Vinegar,
vets usually suggest using the Apple Cider Vinegar in the water,
and the Oxy-Drops diluted solution (1 drop per 20 lb.) mixed with
some water and added on the food so they don’t cancel out each others
benefits. One is alkaline the other acidic so they can’t be put
in their water or food at the same time.
Bathe in sulfur-based or medicated shampoo
2. Prepare a 50/50 mixture of Apple Cider Vinegar & Water
3. Rinse or wipe affected areas with 50/50 mixture daily. Note:
Do not use Apple cider mixture on open lesions
4. Prepare a 2% solution of Oxy-Drops (1 teaspoon + 1 cup of distilled
water). Use this to spray or wipe skin, ears, and feet with to prevent
secondary bacterial infection.
5. For ears – your vet can recommend the appropriate medication.
consult with your veterinarian for his recommendations.
Ringworm (caused by the fungi Microsporum and Trichophyton) is the
primary fungal infection that troubles dogs. Such fungi live in
dead skin tissues, nails, and hairs – particularly, but not exclusively,
among young dogs. Symptoms include:
loss, usually in circular patches
Hair loss patches that may have a crusty, dry look
Hair loss on the head and legs
Scratching of the patchy areas
your dog develops these symptoms, take him to his veterinarian right
away. If your vet suspects ringworm, he will probably run a Wood’s
Lamp Test (using an ultraviolet light), or take a fungal culture.
treatment includes: Trimming or shaving the hair around affected
areas, using fungicidal shampoos for bathing the dog, applying a
topical antifungal medication, and lime sulphur dips
is quite contagious to both animals and humans, with children being
especially vulnerable. Dogs with ringworm must be kept away from
children and other pets until the infection is gone. (This may two
or three months, or longer.) Adults should wash their hands well
after handling a dog with ringworm.
Blastomycosis is a fungal disease usually found in both dogs and
humans. (Some other animals may be affected, too, including cats,
horses, and wild animals.) Most cases of Blastomycosis have been
traced to damp soil containing organic matter – a perfect place
for fungi to grow. Hunting dogs and other dogs who are frequently
allowed to roam are particularly susceptible.
fungus may enter your dog through wounds, or it may be inhaled.
As the fungus begins to thrive in the dog’s body, it spreads to
the lungs, the vascular system, or to the lymph nodes.
of blastomycosis include: Weight loss, chronic coughing, loss of
muscle tone, shortness of breath, skin lesions, red eyes, swollen
eyes, excessive tearing of the eyes, and clouding of the corneas
you dog has any of the above symptoms, you should immediately take
him to the vet. There is no cure without treatment, and the earlier
your dog is treated, the better his chances are for a healthy recovery.
Without treatment, your dog may go blind, or have other serious,
life threatening problems.
includes drug therapy, and may require several short hospitalizations.
Do not be alarmed if your dog’s symptoms worsen at first; when the
fungus begins to die inflammation is common, and this can make the
symptoms appear stronger. When your dog comes home after treatment,
his diet should consist of high-quality food only, and you should
restrict his exercise until he is completely well.
may also become infected by blastomycosis. When handling your infected
dog, wear gloves and wash your hands frequently. (However, humans
are much more likely to become infected by an environment contaminated
by the fungi.)
A fungus called Coccidioides immitis causes Valley Fever in both
dogs and humans. The fungus is found in dry, arid soil; when dust
is raised from that soil, the fungus is inhaled. Dogs who have been
around construction areas, who dig frequently, or are out in the
wind, are especially susceptible. Young dogs or dogs with weakened
immune systems are also more likely to develop Valley Fever.
include: A harsh cough, fever, lethargy, lack of appetite, and seizures
fungus is difficult to diagnoses and is sometimes mistaken for other
fungal diseases, cancer, pneumonia, cancer, or Lyme disease. If
your vet suspects Valley Fever, blood tests, x-rays, or antibody
testing may be used to help diagnose the disease.
Other fungal diseases in dogs include:
which usually affects the nasal cavity and respiratory system, before
attacking the rest of the body. Dogs with long noses are most susceptible.
Symptoms may include open sores around the nostrils, bloody or puss-filled
nasal discharge, weight loss, fever, lethargy, and vomiting.
is usually inhaled from the excrement of birds (particularly pigeons),
and tends to invade dogs’ nervous systems. Symptoms include weight
loss, lethargy, head tilting, and eyes that dart back and forth.
is caused by breathing in Histoplasma capsulatum, which is carried
in dust. Symptoms may include labored breathing, fever, anemia,
and enlarged liver or other organs.
Yeasts are found on the surfaces of every living thing – including
your dog’s body. When your dog is healthy his immune system can
stave off and destroy yeasts. But if his immune system is weak his
body may not be able to fight off yeast, leading to toxic levels
that cause a myriad of health problems.
addition, some breeds are more inclined toward yeast infections,
including West Highland White Terrier, Basset hound, Cocker spaniel,
Silky terrier, Australian terrier, Maltese, Chihuahua, Poodle, Shetland
sheepdog, Lhasa Apso, and the Dachshund. Also, any dog with skin
allergies, an under-active thyroid gland, hypothyroidism, diabetes,
or who’s had recent treatment with an antibiotic or corticosteroid,
may be more prone to develop a yeast infection.
of a yeast infection may include: Greasy or waxy skin, smelly skin,
a white tongue, hives or rashes, chronic infections, chronic cough,
crusty skin, and discharge from the eyes, nose or ears.
your dog shows any of these symptoms, he should see his vet right
away. Since these symptoms are general, and may be grounded in other
problems, the veterinarian will probably try to rule out other possible
causes. Your vet may also take a sample of the yeast on your dog’s
skin (with a cotton swab or piece of tape, for example), or do a
small biopsy and study it under a microscope.
often includes treatment of underlying problems (like allergies
or a thyroid problem), topical shampoo or spray, and oral medications.
Yeast are single celled fungus and they are used in brewing beer
or baking bread. Some types of yeast are less useful and that’s
the kind that grows in your dog’s ear. Yeast infections are probably
the most common type of ear infections in dogs. Because dogs have
long ear canals that can hold water after a bath, swim, or run through
tall, wet grass. Add to this a floppy ear that prevents good ventilation
of the ear canal and you have a warm, moist, dark environment in
which yeast thrive. The more moisture yeast get, the worse the infection
infections are most common in dogs that love water (Labradors, Retrievers),
have long floppy ears (Bassets, Beagles, Spaniels), have either
narrow and/or furry ear canals (Poodles, Cocker Spaniels), or have
a history of ear infections or allergies.
include: The inside of his ears will appear red and irritated; he
will shake his head and scratch at his ears almost constantly, sometimes
to the point of bleeding; a foul odor will emanate from the inside
of his ears; and he may whine, pace, or even stop eating because
of the pain and irritation.
injury or permanent damage may occur to the ears if an ear infection
is left untreated.
and early treatment are the keys. In principle, yeast are easy to
kill if you keep in mind that they hate dry, acidic environments.
If you keep your dog’s inner ears dry and clean by using an acidic
type cleaning solution made for dog’s ears, you will make the ear
environment very uninviting to yeast. Acidic cleaning solutions
are available from your veterinarian.
is also common to see a bacterial infection associated with a severe
yeast infection. Unfortunately, routine ear cleaning will not cure
a serious bacterial infection. Such double infections occur when
yeast infections are not treated in their early stages. It is more
difficult and expensive to cure this double infection.
dog may also have underlying problems such as allergies and hypothyroidism
that can add to the seriousness of an ear infection.
you see no improvement in your dog’s ears within 72 hours after
you start cleaning them, make an appointment to see your veterinarian
as soon as possible. You dog may need other medications to clear
up the infections. If severe irritation or a creamy discharge is
noticed, see your veterinarian right away.
infections can be very painful for your dog but they can be avoided
with a little help from you.
pets with itchy skin from yeast infections, use a Baking Soda rinse
alone or after shampooing your pets body with the appropriate pet
shampoo for fungus infections (see vet). It will be quite helpful
with the overall itchiness, skin problems and inflammation. Ask
your veterinarian for his recommendations.
Mix two (2) teaspoons of Baking Soda per gallon of warm water; make
sure to mix it so it completely dissolves – pour over pet, do not
1 teaspoon of Oxy-Drops + 1 cup of distilled water and use it to
wash out ears (2 x a day) and to spray on itchy skin (2 x a day)
or more until there is relief.
The Bottom Line:
you suspect your dog may have a fungal infection or yeast infection,
it’s important to give your veterinarian a history of where your
dog has been, and what led up to the first symptoms that you noticed.
Sometimes such histories need to go back as far as six or seven
months. Explaining your dog’s habits may also be important. For
example, if your pet tends to paw and dig at gopher holes, this
can be vital information for your vet to know.
with a vigilant eye and a little sensitivity toward any discomforts
your pet may be feeling, you can keep not only your “best friend”
healthy, but your family and your other pets fit and well, too.