New Puppy Care
on buying and caring for a new puppy
you are considering getting a puppy, Dr. Susan Nelson, assistant
professor of veterinary medicine at Kansas State University, suggests
a few things to keep in mind.
buying a new puppy, here are a few things Nelson said to consider:
Lap dog or jogging partner
or short hair
or mixed breed
you want a mixed breed dog, your area shelters and http://www.petfinder.com
are good resources.
you want a purebred dog, Nelson said the next step is to research
the breed. Know the qualities of the breed before you purchase it,
so you are not surprised or disappointed by behaviors expected from
that breed. A prospective owner should also research the cost of
owning a dog. Costs for foods and medications are higher for large
said it’s important to research breeders and to ask around to find
a reputable breeder. Consider breeders who will guarantee the health
and quality of their dogs.
choosing a breed and buying the puppy, Nelson said the new owner
should take the puppy in for a veterinarian check-up right away
to make sure the puppy is healthy and physically sound.
this time, the owner should make appropriate appointments for distemper,
adenovirus, parainfluenza and parvovirus vaccines, as well as deworming
and fecal examinations for intestinal parasites. Nelson said a puppy’s
shots should be started at 6 to 8 weeks of age, with booster shots
every two to four weeks until the puppy is around 16 weeks old.
Nelson said the puppy should receive its rabies shot between 12
and 16 weeks of age.
said additional vaccines may be needed depending on breed and health
status and that all new owners should check with their veterinarians.
recommends obedience training for puppies � the earlier the better.
She said it’s important to be willing to train your dog, because
good behavior means a better time for everyone. Before choosing
an obedience training class, Nelson stressed researching the classes
and methods used by the instructors. Ask to visit a class in progress,
but do not take your puppy when you go to observe.
basic needs of a new puppy include shelter and food. Nelson said
a dog crate or carrier is usually the best and safest place for
a puppy to sleep. She said it provides a safe haven, is the best
way for house training and keeps the puppy from destructive chewing
while you are gone.
said puppies should be fed in 10-15 minute timed feedings two to
three times a day for young puppies and one to two times daily for
older puppies. The number of feedings should be increased if the
puppy is a small or toy breed. She said timed feedings are important
in helping the owner more closely monitor how much the puppy is
eating and regulate bowels for easier house training.
said to use the feeding guide on the food bag as just a general
guide of how much to feed. The puppy will require more or less depending
on exercise levels, weight and age.
Nelson said these are the basics of adding a puppy to your family,
she said new owners also need to take the dog to the vet at least
once yearly and account for other needs, such as heartworm prevention,
flea and tick control, exercise and “lots of tender loving care.”
has been at K-State since the fall of 2003. Prior to that she served
as an associate veterinarian at a small animal hospital in Manhattan
for 14 years. Nelson received her bachelor’s from Hastings College
and her doctorate of veterinary medicine from K-State in 1989.
: Pet Supplies Review